Once upon a time Bamiyan was the protector and capital of Buddhism of the entire Asian region for many years. Build in 507 B.C the ex-statues where a landmark for Buddhism all over the world and destroyed by the Taliban in 2001. Thousands of Buddhist monks once lived in the caves and grottos, which are carved into the cliffs along the statues.
Than the caves were home to thousands of Hazara refugees who had fled Kabul. Today foreign NGOs have asked the refugees who lived close to the statues to move into camps or provided them other accommodations in order to protect the caves from destruction.